There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Bologna each year. The main ones are listed below.December 31: Il Vecchione (local)
For the night of New Year's Eve, Bologna offers many activities: gourmet dinners, dances, lively markets, and fireworks. According to a medieval tradition, the inhabitants of Bologna annually burn a gigantic puppet symbolising the 12 months of the year. The celebration takes place at midnight in Piazza Maggiore. In recent years, the creation of the puppet is entrusted to a renowned artist.Mardi Gras: Carnival festivities (national)
Spread over several weeks during the month of February, the carnival of Bologna is in full swing on the day of Mardi Gras. The general public is invited to join the procession of costumed characters, making for an explosion of colour in the heart of the city.Easter Sunday: Feast of Our Lady of Saint Luke (local)
Easter Sunday is the most important religious festival of the year in Bologna. The sacred image of the Madonna, kept in the sanctuary of St. Luke, is transported to the Basilica of San Petronio to be blessed. The return trip of the image to the sanctuary is the occasion for a solemn procession attended by throngs of locals.April 25: Liberation Day (national)
Each year, this holiday commemorates the end of World War II in Italy. It is marked by parades, marching bands, speeches, and fireworks.May 1: Labour Day (national)
On Labour Day, which is a holiday in Italy, many artistic associations organise events in the historic centre of the city, featuring shows, workshops, street theatre, and a host of other events.June 2: Celebration of the Italian Republic (national)
This national holiday commemorates the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946. It is marked by parades, speeches, and concerts.August 15: Assumption (national)
This holiday is dedicated to the worship of the Virgin Mary. Masses and processions are held in her honour in churches and streets of the historic centre.November 1: All Souls Day (national)
A public holiday in Italy. After the morning service at church, which is generally well attended and followed by the traditional moment of silence at the gravesides of the dearly departed, people gather at their homes for a meal with family and/or friends.November 4: Day of Italian Unification (national)
On this day of official commemorations, Italy celebrates both its unification by the Kings of the House of Savoy and the end of the First World War. This national Armed Forces Day is marked by many military parades.December 8: Immaculate Conception (national)
This is a public holiday in honour of the Virgin Mary. In Bologna, as in most Italian cities, processions are organised and candles placed in windows.December 25: Christmas (national)
Do not miss the Christmas market in Piazza Maggiore when all of Bologna is festively illuminated.December 26: Day of Saint Stephen or Santo Stefano (national)
This day has been a holiday in Italy since 1947 and celebrates the birth of St Stephen, the first martyr of Christianity. Traditionally, it is a day dedicated to the family, with a large festive meal.
|Month||Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Average Rains (MM)||Best Time to Travel|
|January||-1||5||32||Not the best period to go|
|February||1||9||37||Not the best period to go|
|March||5||13||56||Not the best period to go|
|April||8||18||61||Good period to go|
|May||13||17||73||Good period to go|
|June||17||28||61||Good period to go|
|July||19||31||32||Not the best period to go|
|August||19||30||44||Not the best period to go|
|September||16||26||71||Good period to go|
|October||11||20||72||Good period to go|
|November||7||15||66||Not the best period to go|
|December||1||7||46||Not the best period to go|
The Guglielmo Marconi International Airport is located about six kilometres northwest of downtown Bologna.
Do not think about driving in the centre of Bologna. To better enjoy the charms of the city, nothing beats walking! For those who still do not feel like it, a dense network of buses offers a reliable and inexpensive alternative.
Cars are not welcome in the city centre of Bologna, which is classified as a limited traffic zone.
Classed LTZ (limited traffic zone), downtown Bologna is closed to vehicles, except for residents.
The town of Bologna is served by 40 bus lines. The centre in particular is crossed by four lines (A, C, T1 and 12) that stop at the main tourist attractions.
Tickets can be purchased on the bus. A single fare costs EUR 1.30 and a day pass EUR 5.
Upon your arrival in Bologna, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay.Ufficio di informazione e accoglienza turistica
The currency used in Italy is the Euro (EUR).
CNY 1 = EUR 0.13
EUR 1 = CNY 7.69
The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.
See your doctor before you travel. It is also recommended to take out insurance covering medical expenses and repatriation. Bologna counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists.Vaccinations
There are no vaccination requirements for visitors to Italy.
For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:
There are no food safety risks in Italy.Water
Tap water is safe to drink in Bologna.
For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area, as well as those from the countries of the European Union not included in the area, need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter Italy.
As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter Italy for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.
For further information, visit the website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en
To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Bologna, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.
Here are some Italian phrases that might be useful during your stay in Bologna:
Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: Buongiorno
Good evening: Buonasera
No, thank you: No, grazie
Thank you very much: Grazie mille
Please: Per favore
I don't understand: Non capisco
Could you repeat ?: Può ripetere ? (polite form) / Potete ripetere ? (plural form)
What time is it ?: Che ora è ? / Che ora sono ?
Sorry: Mi scusi (polite form)
Excuse me: Scusatemi (plural form)
Train station: Stazione
Hotel: Hotel / Albergho
I'm (…): Sono (…).
I'm looking for (…): Sto cercando (…).
How much is (…)?: Quanto costa ?
Do you have (…)?: Fare ? (polite form) / Avete (…) ? (plural form)
Where can I find (…)?: Dove si trova (…) ? / Dove posso trovare (…) ?
Where can I buy (…)?: Dove si compra (…) ? / Dove posso comprare (…) ?
I'd like (…): Vorrei (…).
At restaurants that have waiting staff, a 10 to 15% service charge (servizio) is usually included in the bill. If the service is exceptional, you can certainly leave a few euros more. Some restaurants also apply a cover charge (pane e coperto, literally "bread and cutlery"), which is not considered as a gratuity, but is instead a set, nominal fee you will need to pay regardless of what you eat. You should therefore be wary of the very attractive prices posted in the windows of certain restaurants, because they may not include either the servizio or the pane e coperto!